In Mexico and around the world, today we are living in economically and ecologically hard times, due to fuel, which is very difficult to develop and its raw materials are very difficult to extract. By extracting the raw material to produce fuel, many activities are carried out that harm the environment, ecosystems, soil, etc.
Today I present this innovative project. The generation of biofuels from microalgae has many advantages and, in many ways, complements the other renewable energies.
The current energy model, based largely on oil and other fossil fuels, is getting outdated. Problems arising from their use, such as the negative environmental impact with its awful effect on global warming, price volatility, progressive depletion of reserves and geopolitical conflicts, have recently given rise to a race to find alternative sources of renewable energy that break the oil dependence of current industrialized societies.
The generation of biofuels from microalgae presents uncountable advantages, and in many ways complements the other renewable energies, as it addresses one of the most difficult issues to solve with with other technologies: cheap, sustainable transportation fuel, as its raw material is a resource that can be manufactured by processes that do not harm the environment and its development has no effect against the environment. Algae are very easily grown, much more than other plants that produce vegetable oil. They are grown in water, and do not need much care, nor many nutrients in the water. And because it is a plant, its growth reduces CO2 levels.
You can also use algae process waste to feed cattle, and even extract the protein contained in the algae for human consumption. So from my point of view, biodiesel is a boon to the environment since, if put to use, biodiesel has no sulfur, has more lubricant, and therefore cars' injection systems undergo less wear. It has more significant properties as a solvent. It's less dense than petroleum diesel, but has a better combustion, which makes fuel efficiency is 2% less effective than regular diesel. It pollutes much less, as its combustion releases less CO2, and besides, the growing algae, as a plant, absorbs CO2 and transforms it into oxygen, making it less polluting.
Also, if there is a spill in the ocean, its impact is very small, unlike oil or diesel. And to top it off, mass production is so simple that an average person could have his or her own refinery.